Ubuntu 17.04 (Zesty Zapus) 에 Nginx, Php, MariaDB 설치

/**
 * 설치전 업데이트
 */
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade && sudo apt-get autoremove

 

  1. 엔진엑스(Nginx) 설치
/**
 * Nginx 설치
 */
sudo apt-get install nginx

/**
 * nginx 서비스 등록
 */
sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

 

2. MariaDB 설치

/**
 * MariaDB 설치
 */
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

/**
 * MariaDB 비밀번호 설정
 */
sudo mysql_secure_installation

Enter current password for root (enter for none): (비밀번호 입력)

Set root password? [Y/n] Y (비밀번호 저장)

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y  (익명 사용자 금지)
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

/**
 * MariaDB 서비스 활성화
 */
sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

 

3. PHP 설치 및 설정

/**
 * php 설치
 */
sudo apt-get install php php-fpm php-mysql php-curl php-gd php-pear php-imagick php-imap php-mcrypt php-recode php-tidy php-xmlrpc

 

4. Nginx default site 설정

/**
 * nginx default site 설정
 */
sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default


/**
 * 아래 예제 처럼 30번 라인처럼 index.php 추가
 * 42~43, 46 라인 추가
 */
# Default server configuration
#
server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        listen [::]:80 default_server;

        # SSL configuration
        #
        # listen 443 ssl default_server;
        # listen [::]:443 ssl default_server;
        #
        # Self signed certs generated by the ssl-cert package
        # Don't use them in a production server!
        #
        # include snippets/snakeoil.conf;

        root /var/www/html;

        # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
        index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

        server_name _;

        location / {
                # First attempt to serve request as file, then
                # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
                try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        }

        # pass PHP scripts to FastCGI server
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
                include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;

        #       # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):
                fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
        #       # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):
        #       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #       deny all;
        #}
}

5. 웹루트 퍼미션 변경

/**
 * /var/www/html 권한 www-data, 755 설정 
 */
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/

 

6. 모든 설정이 완료되었다면 Nginx 재시작

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

 

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